Second Stage


Semester One

Plant Anatomy

Units : 3

Description :

The course is comprised of lectures discussion, laboratories. The focus of this course information's is on the essential concepts of internal structure of plant morphology and the importance of plant anatomy and its relation to other biological fields. On the other hand, to understand the fundamental concepts of the internal structure of immature and mature plant organs, in addition to the principles and theories that describe the formation of the internal elements of plant parts.

General Microbiology

Units : 3
Lecturer : Prof. Dr. Mahde Saleh Abdulrahman

Description :

General Microbiology: The General Microbiology course is highly important since it has its foundations in many fields including pathogenic bacteria, infectious diseases, molecular biology, genetics. The present course intended to cover various aspects of microbiology, with emphasis on the structure, methods of sterilization, growth control, biology, morphology, genetics, effects of antimicrobial drugs, the impact of microorganisms on the environment and human health. Also, the course will give information about the description, characterization, epidemiology, common signs and symptoms of infectious disease. This knowledge is a necessary prerequisite for the understanding microorganism, diagnosis, therapy, and prevention of infectious diseases. The general features of microorganisms will be covered. Different approaches of teaching will be used in order to achieve the aims of the course. This includes: discussion, writing essays, examines, reports, present videos and ask student to give seminars in specific subject of the course.


Description :

Lecturer : Bawar Shamsaldeen Tahir


This is a one-semester course, which comprises an introduction to ecological thought and principles. This course includes a discussion of the factors ,both biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) that influence the distribution and abundance of organisms, population, community, and ecosystem and will introduce students to major ecological concepts and the environmental problems that affect the world in which we live.


Units : 3
Lecturer : Dr. Ezat Yousif Raoof

Description :

Describe the main definitive characteristics of different taxa of algae, their ecology, vegetative structure, ultra-structure of the algal cell, economic importance of algae, types of life cycles found in algae and to recognize the reproductive structure of algae.

understand the complexity within the different divisions of algae. recognize the identification and distribution of common taxa of algae. Discuss some details of the economic , evolutionary and ecological importance of all algal divisions

General invertebrates

Lecturer : Dr. Shamal Abdullah AL- Muffti

Description :

Invertebrate is subject one of the branches of Biology Department

deal with all the organisms that haven’t backbone from were





5- Environments

And included many phylum in Animals, Such as

1-Prifera  2-Cnidaria  3-Platyhelminthus  4-Nematoda  5-Annelida  

6-Molliska  7-Arthropoda  8-Echinodermata

General Biochemistry

Units : 3

Description :

Lecturer : Zahra izadeen yonis



-Carbohydrates:chemistry  of carbohydrates,functions,classification.

-proteins:Amino acids and petides,function, classification, structural, Denaturation.

-Lipids:classification, Types,chemical composition.

-Nucleotides and nuclei c acids:component, types,importance, DNA,RNA.

-Enzymes:principles and classification, mechanisms, inhibition, regulations, enzymes  in clinical diagnosis.

Vitamins :types, function, sources,deficiency.